MOUNTAIN AREAS CONSERVANCY FUND (MACF)
THE MOUNTAIN AREAS CONSERVANCY PROJECT (MACP)
Mountain Areas Conservancy Fund (MACF) was established under Mountain Areas Conservancy Project (MACP) and registered under Section 42 of Companies Act, 2017. MACP was funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the United Nations Development Programme, and the Government of Pakistan, the total budget was $10.35m for a period of seven years (1999-2006). The project was based on a successful four years Pilot Phase funded through the GEF Pre-investment Facility (PRIF) namely “Maintaining Biodiversity in Pakistan with Rural Community Development 1995-1999”. The Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan was executing Agency. IUCN-The World Conservation Union- Pakistan implemented the project in close collaboration with the Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Department of Forests, Parks and Wildlife in Gilgit-Baltistan. Worldwide Fund for Nature Pakistan (WWF-P), the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme (AKRP), and the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation (HWF) were the key civil society organizations collaborating in implementation. The goal of the MACP was to protect biodiversity and ensure its sustainable use in Pakistan Karakorum, Hindu Kush, and Western Himalayas mountain ranges through community-based conservation approach.
The focus of MACP was on scaling up sustainable management of natural resources, especially biodiversity, from village level to valley level and ultimately to wider landscape level of conservancy. MACP activities were undertaken in four geographically distinct conservancies spread over 16.300 km. Two of these i.e Nanga Parbat and Gojal were in Gilgit-Baltistan and another two i.e. Tirichmir and Qashqar were located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
The three main project components were:
·To organize, empower, and boost the capacity of local communities to conserve biodiversity at an ecological level.
·To enhance the relative values of wild resources (as a conservation incentive) by promoting their sustainable use; and
·To create a policy, legislation and financial framework conducive to community based conservation. Locally appropriate conservation committees will be organized at the valley and district.
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